What You Need To Know: Human Development
Here are the basics of human development everyone can understand.
We would like to provide you with a basic level of understanding in regards to the fascinating path humans go through to develop as individuals by shortly presenting changes and developement within early years, childhood, middle childhood to adolescence. We aim to make the point, as evidenced by the material published throughout this entire website, that human development is rather complicated resulting out of the relationships and interactions among many causal components.
Modern “multidimensional theories” of development, are best equipped, in our opinion, to account for the complex interrelationship of cause-and-effect processes in human development. These theories generally posit that all domains of human behavioral repertoire, from cognition to social behaviors to personality, there are multiple levels of interactions that give rise to change. Occurrences in one level interacts with happenings at other levels; these both cause and are caused by rapid and continuous changes within each level. The type of change within the frame work for multidimensional theories of development are varied and influenced largely by earlier developmental theories. There can be changes in the quality of skills, as there could be transformational changes, both occurring stage-like, as well as uninterrupted and gradual variations.
Nature vs Nurture
In the past most discussions regarding influences of nature vs. nurture in the development of humans had focused on mainly one of the views. Theorists had taken stances in favor of one or another approach and were determined to aggressively promote the views in an attempt to beat the other side.
Thanks to massive research projects considering multiple causes for development at the same time, the current view of most contemporary developmental researchers is the acknowledgement of interaction of both nature and nurture in shaping most behavioral outcomes. Even the one-cause-at-the-time research approaches emanating from the personal expertise and interests of the individual researchers have resulted in the culmination of bodies of proof showcasing the necessity of considering both influences of the genes and the environment!
In this section of our website covering the basics of development from early years to adolescence, we have used the following references and sources to be able to provide you with this information:
- Davies, D. (2004). Child Development, a Practitioner’s Guide (second edition). NY, The Guilford Press.
- Coch, D., & Fischer, K.W., & Dawson, G. (2007). Human Behavior, Learning and the Developing Brain, Typical Development. NY, The Guilford Press.
- Coch, D., & Fischer, K.W., & Dawson, G. (2007). Human Behavior, Learning and the Developing Brain, Atypical Development. NY, The Guilford Press.
- Broderick, P., C. & Blewitt, P. (2010). The Life Span: Human Development for Helping Professionals (third edition). NJ, Pearson Inc.