Early Years Language Development
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Learning the sounds of your mother tongue starts before birth. Typically, babies grow more sensitive to the sounds of their native language by six months, and would be only babbling those sounds of their language exclusively by nine months. There will be several years before they learn how to use these sounds to communicate and convey meaning.
Learning 10 words a day is not unusual at the age of two years. Before this happens they need to learn that words and word parts have meanings. First words are uttered by the first birthday and intermittently after that. By age 18 to 24 months a surge in vocabulary is witnessed followed by two-word occurrences and usage of short phrases and sentences. Children have mastered most common syntactic structures in their language by age 5.
Language development is an essential part of the development of human beings as species, not so surprising that many great thinkers and philosophers have been trying to explain and crack the code since the dawn of civilization. The development of human language has often been used as proving either nature or nurture theories of development. What we know about language development today, is a great testament to the complex way by which the innate tendencies interact with environmental influences. The result is a set of very unique skills only attributable to the human species.